Neolithic (c.4300BC – c.2300BC)
The Neolithic saw the development of agriculture and the first evidence for large-scale communal activity. New ideas relating to the domestication of animals and the cultivation of cereals were adopted by indigenous human communities, together with new technologies such as pottery. Environmental evidence indicates a major phase of woodland clearance taking place at this time, as land was opened up to provide fields and sacred spaces. Evidence for settlement sites is limited, with many suitable locations in coastal and floodplain areas likely to be buried deeply beneath later deposits.Evidence for Neolithic settlement is very sparse, although a causewayed enclosure has recently been located along the coast on the Isle of Sheppey. Recent work by Wessex Archaeology in North Kent has recovered Neolithic material from depths in excess of 3m), and peat deposits of Neolithic-Bronze Age date might be present at that depth in the vicinity of the Cliffe Marshes.
Source: R.S.P.B/Archaeology South-East